Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Cambray, J. 2010. Collective Unconscious. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
In the early days of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung collaborated and explored unconscious aspects of the mind as they observed and experienced it clinically and personally. Archaeological and geological metaphors proved useful in describing the apparent layering of psyche seen in their patients and in themselves. Both men recognized what they saw as two main strata to the unconscious, correspondingly composed of ontogenetic and phylogenetic factors. Although Freud focused more attention on the ontogenetic factor in the development of psychopathology (the infantile neuroses), he did retain a view throughout his life that these phylogenetic contributions were acquired traits and were inherited; in other words, he held to a Lamarckian hypothesis, despite protest from his followers (Hoffer, 1992).
- collective unconscious;