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Comparative Neuropsychology

  1. Marlene Oscar-Berman

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0207

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Oscar-Berman, M. 2010. Comparative Neuropsychology. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Boston University School of Medicine and Department of Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Boston Campus

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Results of nonhuman animal research can provide new information that human experimentation does not permit, usually for ethical considerations, or because of limited control over complex environmental influences. The new knowledge can then be used to help understand human disorders. One approach to understanding interspecies brain functions, comparative neuropsychology, involves the direct evaluation of human clinical populations by employing experimental paradigms originally developed for nonhuman animals (Oscar-Berman & Bardenhagen, 1998). Of particular applicability has been the study of nonhuman primates, our closest genetic relatives.

Keywords:

  • behavioral neuroscience;
  • neuropsychology;
  • nonhuman animal models;
  • translational research