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Correctional Psychology

  1. Joel A. Dvoskin1,
  2. Robert D. Morgan2

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0231

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Dvoskin, J. A. and Morgan, R. D. 2010. Correctional Psychology. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Arizona College of Medicine

  2. 2

    Texas Tech University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Psychologists have a long and storied history within American corrections. Although psychologists' roles were originally aimed at institutional management and correctional rehabilitation, over the course of time services have increasingly focused on treatment of serious mental illness (SMI) and emotional crises. For many years, correctional mental health services were often limited to psychopharmacological treatments; however, this is no longer the case, and psychologists are now in significant demand. With their versatile skill set (e.g., assessment, treatment, behavioral programming, and research), psychologists are the most frequently employed mental health professionals in correctional settings (Camp & Camp, 1999). Psychologists have become so essential to correctional facilities that the field has become a leading employer of clinical and counseling psychologists.

Keywords:

  • prison;
  • incarceration;
  • assessment