Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Dvoskin, J. A. and Morgan, R. D. 2010. Correctional Psychology. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Psychologists have a long and storied history within American corrections. Although psychologists' roles were originally aimed at institutional management and correctional rehabilitation, over the course of time services have increasingly focused on treatment of serious mental illness (SMI) and emotional crises. For many years, correctional mental health services were often limited to psychopharmacological treatments; however, this is no longer the case, and psychologists are now in significant demand. With their versatile skill set (e.g., assessment, treatment, behavioral programming, and research), psychologists are the most frequently employed mental health professionals in correctional settings (Camp & Camp, 1999). Psychologists have become so essential to correctional facilities that the field has become a leading employer of clinical and counseling psychologists.