Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Krippner, S. 2010. Creativity. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Most Asian, African, Native American, and other indigenous traditions used creative imagination to enrich and enhance everyday life; original contributions were typically seen as gifts from deities or spirits who used humans as their “channels.” These insights would often come in nighttime dreams or daytime visions and were thought to re-create divine truth. In some of these societies, individuals who produced something unprecedented (such as a mask or weapon) would be hailed as heroes, but in others they would be censured for breaking with tradition. Women's creativity was undervalued for centuries, and they were given few educational opportunities or life circumstances on which creative productivity depends; this situation still characterizes many contemporary countries where innovations are suspect, especially if women are the innovators (Kaufman & Sternberg, 2006; Richards, 2007).
- interpersonal and intrapersonal creativity;
- verbal and non-verbal creativity;