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  1. Stanley Krippner

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0236

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Krippner, S. 2010. Creativity. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Saybrook Graduate School

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Most Asian, African, Native American, and other indigenous traditions used creative imagination to enrich and enhance everyday life; original contributions were typically seen as gifts from deities or spirits who used humans as their “channels.” These insights would often come in nighttime dreams or daytime visions and were thought to re-create divine truth. In some of these societies, individuals who produced something unprecedented (such as a mask or weapon) would be hailed as heroes, but in others they would be censured for breaking with tradition. Women's creativity was undervalued for centuries, and they were given few educational opportunities or life circumstances on which creative productivity depends; this situation still characterizes many contemporary countries where innovations are suspect, especially if women are the innovators (Kaufman & Sternberg, 2006; Richards, 2007).


  • intelligence;
  • interpersonal and intrapersonal creativity;
  • verbal and non-verbal creativity;
  • music