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Cross-Cultural and Cross-National Assessment

  1. Thomas Oakland

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0242

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Oakland, T. 2010. Cross-Cultural and Cross-National Assessment. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. University of Florida

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Cross-cultural assessment refers to the practice of acquiring test data on persons who differ culturally. Such assessment practices originally were used somewhat exclusively by persons who specialized in cross-cultural psychology, a branch of psychology that studies similarities and variances in human behavior and psychological constructs across cultures (VandenBos, 2007). Cross-cultural scholarship has been described as growing from a whisper in the 1960s to a thriving enterprise in the twenty-first century (Segall, Lonner, & Berry, 1998). This growth is seen, in part, in an increase in the numbers of cross-cultural studies, going from an estimated 600 in 1978 to approximately 1,500 in 2003 (van de Vijver, 2006).


  • cross-cultural assessment;
  • cultural differences;
  • emic and etic;
  • statistical methods