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Current Psychotherapies

  1. Danny Wedding

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0248

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Wedding, D. 2010. Current Psychotherapies. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–4.

Author Information

  1. University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Psychotherapy cannot be defined with any precision, and it is not entirely clear when a supportive conversation becomes counseling or when counseling becomes psychotherapy. Raymond Corsini (1914–2008), until his recent death one of the world's leading psychotherapy scholars, defined psychotherapy as follows:

Psychotherapy is a formal process of interaction between two parties, each party usually consisting of one person but with the possibility that there may be two or more people in each party, for the purpose of amelioration of distress in one of the two parties relative to any or all of the following areas of disability or malfunction: cognitive functions (disorders of thinking), affective functions (suffering or emotional discomforts), or behavioral functions (inadequacy of behavior). The therapist who takes part in this interaction has some theory of personality's origins, development, maintenance, and change, applies some method of treatment logically related to the theory, and has professional and legal approval to act as a therapist. (Corsini, 2008, p. 1)

Keywords:

  • psychotherapy;
  • psychoanalysis;
  • Adlerian psychotherapy;
  • analytical psychotherapy;
  • client-centered therapy;
  • rational emotive behavior therapy;
  • behavior therapy;
  • cognitive therapy;
  • existential psychotherapy;
  • gestalt therapy;
  • multimodal therapy;
  • family therapy;
  • contemplative psychotherapies;
  • integrative psychotherapies