Standard Article


  1. Dana Steidtmann,
  2. Rick Ingram

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0263

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Steidtmann, D. and Ingram, R. 2010. Depression. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. University of Kansas

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Within psychology, the term depression is typically used to refer to a Major Depressive Episode. A depressive episode is most frequently part of a Major Depressive Disorder, but it may also be a part of bipolar or cyclothymic disorders in which there is fluctuation between periods of excessively elevated moods and depression.


  • major depressive disorder;
  • diathesis-stress;
  • antidepressant medications;
  • cognitive-behavioral therapy;
  • interpersonal therapy