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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)

  1. Daniel L. Segal

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0271

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Segal, D. L. 2010. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. University of Colorado at Colorado Springs

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000) is a compendium of mental disorders, a listing of the criteria used to diagnose them, and a detailed system for their definition, organization, and classification. Put simply, it is the primary diagnostic manual for mental health professionals in the United States and much of the Western world. Diagnosis refers to the identification and labeling of a mental disorder by examination and analysis. Mental health professionals diagnose individuals based on the symptoms that they report experiencing and the signs of illness with which they present. The DSM-IV-TR aids professionals in understanding and diagnosing mental disorders through its provision of explicit diagnostic criteria and an official classification system.

Keywords:

  • diagnosis;
  • classification;
  • mental illness;
  • psychopathology