Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Moore, T. E. and Gagnier, K. R. 2010. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is recognized by the World Health Organization as the leading cause of environment-related birth defects and mental retardation in the western world. It results from prenatal alcohol exposure, the consequences of which fall along a continuum ranging from subtle neurodevelopmental and behavioral manifestations to FAS, the most serious outcome. Recently, the term fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) was coined to encompass all the terms that describe alcohol-related defects, including FAS (Sokol, Delaney, & Nordstrom, 2003). Other terms, such as fetal alcohol effects (FAE), partial FAS (pFAS), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), and alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) describe other effects within the spectrum.
- fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS);
- prenatal alcohol exposure;
- alcohol dehydrogenase