Standard Article

Gender Identity Disorder

  1. Kristen A. Burgess,
  2. Charles F. Gillespie

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0376

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Burgess, K. A. and Gillespie, C. F. 2010. Gender Identity Disorder. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Emory University School of Medicine

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Gender identity is a psychological concept that refers to one's subjective sense of being male or female. The intensity of gender identity exists along a continuum and therefore may vary between individuals. Gender identity disorder is a mental disorder in which gender identity is incongruent with anatomical sex (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). As a consequence, individuals with gender identity disorder experience varying degrees of dissatisfaction with their designated anatomical birth sex. In extreme cases (transsexualism) they express and pursue their desire to live and have the body of a person of the opposite sex as well as be viewed socially as a person of the opposite sex.


  • gender identity;
  • transsexualism;
  • intersex;
  • anatomical sex;
  • cross-dressing