Germany, Psychology in
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Plath, I. and Eckensberger, L. H. 2010. Germany, Psychology in. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
The history of psychology in German-speaking countries (especially Germany, Austria, and Switzerland) goes back to the nineteenth century, when it began to evolve as an autonomous discipline by separating from philosophy and physiology (see Danziger, 1990; Hothersall, 2004). Typically this is linked to Wilhelm Wundt, who founded the first psychological institute in Leipzig in 1879 and soon launched the first psychological journal in 1883 (Philosophical Studies); in 1904 the first German congress was held, and the Society for Experimental Psychology established, later renamed the German Psychological Society (DGPs—Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie) in 1929—all hallmarks of an established science. The history of the DGPs and psychology as a discipline is documented in detail in a special issue of its journal Psychologische Rundschau (Lukas & Schneider, 2004) on the occasion of its 100th anniversary.