Standard Article

Intelligence

  1. J. P. Das

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0449

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Das, J. P. 2010. Intelligence. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. University of Alberta, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Intelligence is cognition comprising sensory, perceptual, associative, and relational knowledge. A concise definition of intelligence, according to Das, Naglieri, and Kirby (1994), is the ability to plan and structure one's behavior with an end in view. If the end is a social one, then it is the most parsimonious solution to a problem that will best serve the common good. Sternberg (2005) defined intelligence as a number of components that allow one to adapt, select, and shape one's environment. Gardner (1999) defined intelligence as the ability to create an effective product or offer a service that is valued in a culture; in other words, intelligence is a set of skills that make it possible for a person to solve problems in life. The challenge, however, is to devise ways of measuring intelligence by operationalizing the above concepts.

Keywords:

  • cognition;
  • brain mechanisms;
  • ability;
  • heredity;
  • emotional intelligence