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Learning Disabilities

  1. Nancy Mather1,
  2. Annmarie Urso2

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0502

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Mather, N. and Urso, A. 2010. Learning Disabilities. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Arizona

  2. 2

    State University of New York College at Geneseo

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Learning disabilities (LD) encompass a heterogeneous group of perceptual disorders that impact the development of academic performance is the areas of reading, written language, and mathematics. The most prevalent type of learning disability is a specific reading disability that is commonly referred to as dyslexia, but disorders also exist in written language (dysgraphia) and mathematics (dyscalculia). These disorders are often referred to as “specific” because functioning is only affected in certain, but not all, aspects of academic development and performance. Although LD can co-occur with other disorders, such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), these disorders are distinct.

Keywords:

  • learning disability;
  • dyscalculia;
  • dyslexia;
  • dysgraphia