Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Levant, R. F. 2010. Masculinity. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
The dominant psychological perspective on masculinity views gender roles not as biological or even social “givens,” but rather as psychologically and socially constructed entities that bring certain advantages and disadvantages. Most importantly, they can change. This perspective acknowledges the biological differences between men and women, but argues that it is not the biological differences of sex that make for masculinity and femininity. These notions are socially constructed from bits and pieces of biological, psychological, and social experience to serve particular purposes. Traditional constructions of gender serve patriarchal purposes; non-traditional constructions, such as Gilmore (1990) described among the Tahitians and the Semai, serve more equalitarian purposes.
Adapted from Levant, R. F. (1996). The new psychology of men. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 27, 259-265. Copyright © 1996 by the American Psychological Association. Adapted with permission.
- gender roles;
- social constructionism;
- role strains;