Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Nairne, J. S. and Pandeirada, J. N. S. 2010. Memory Functions. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Defined generally, memory is the capacity to preserve and recover information. Yet neither memory's operation nor its structures are easily understood without some consideration of function. Like other biological systems, the capacity to remember evolved because of its fitness-enhancing properties. Memory helped solve adaptive problems that, in turn, increased the chances of survival and genetic transmission. As a result, memory's operating characteristics likely bear the imprints of the specific selection pressures that shaped their development.