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Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory–Adolescent

  1. Robert P. Archer1,
  2. Radhika Krishnamurthy2

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0551

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Archer, R. P. and Krishnamurthy, R. 2010. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory–Adolescent. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Eastern Virginia Medical School

  2. 2

    Florida Institute of Technology

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory–Adolescent (MMPI-A; Butcher et al., 1992) is an adolescent-specific revision of the original, broadband personality instrument, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI; Hathaway & McKinley, 1943). The original MMPI, designed primarily for adult clinical assessment, had been applied to evaluate adolescents from the time of its release. The revision to the MMPI-A was prompted by several considerations. First, the passage of nearly five decades since the original test's release made it necessary to develop contemporary adolescent norms. Second, it was apparent that MMPI items did not provide sufficient coverage of adolescent experiences. The accumulated research on adolescent MMPI profiles indicated that adolescent response patterns were quite distinct from those of adults, therefore warranting a developmentally appropriate instrument to achieve interpretive accuracy. The revision effort was undertaken with the goals of updating and refining item content, reducing test length and reading-level demands, developing a uniform set of contemporary adolescent norms, and developing scales to measure adolescent-relevant difficulties such as school- and family-related problems (Archer, 2005; Butcher et al., 1992).


  • adolescent;
  • personality;
  • psychopathology;
  • assessment