Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Martino, S. 2010. Motivational Interviewing. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Motivational interviewing (MI; Miller & Rollnick, 2002) is a client-centered, goal-directed, brief treatment approach for helping people prepare for behavior change by building their intrinsic motivation and strengthening their commitment to a change process. It is one of the most well defined and rigorously studied psychotherapeutic interventions for substance use disorders, with a growing empirical base for its application in a variety of other behavioral areas. Four key principles and a style of interaction called the “MI spirit” guide the strategic application of two sets of techniques: (1) fundamental client-centered counseling strategies for developing a highly empathic environment in which clients may discuss their behavioral problems; and (2) direct methods for eliciting client statements that support behavior change (referred to as “change talk”). Many resources and training methods exist for teaching therapists how to practice MI. This article covers each of these areas in detail.
- motivational interviewing;
- brief treatment;
- behavior change;
- substance abuse treatment