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  1. Joshua D. Miller,
  2. W. Keith Campbell

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0576

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Miller, J. D. and Campbell, W. K. 2010. Narcissism. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. University of Georgia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Narcissism has been conceptualized and studied both as a general personality trait on which individuals exist on a continuum from nonnarcissistic to narcissistic and as a mental disorder (narcissistic personality disorder; NPD) in which there is an emphasis on the maladaptive nature of narcissistic traits. Regardless of the type of conceptualization used, the traits ascribed to narcissism are similar. Narcissistic individuals tend to be grandiose, arrogant, entitled, manipulative, preoccupied with status, and nonempathic. Although narcissism was originally conceptualized within a psychoanalytic or psychodynamic framework, more empirically based work began when NPD was included as an official diagnosis in the third version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III; American Psychiatric Association, 1980). Interestingly, most of this research has been undertaken by social and personality psychologists who have studied narcissism in a dimensional manner using nonclinical samples. Empirical data on NPD are sparse.


  • grandiose;
  • vulnerable;
  • narcissistic personality disorder;
  • narcissism