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Netherlands, Psychology in

  1. Henk T. van DER Molen

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0592

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

van DER Molen, H. T. 2010. Netherlands, Psychology in. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


The year 1892 is considered as the starting date of the discipline of psychology in The Netherlands. In that year, Gerard Heymans (1857–1930), professor at the University of Groningen, set up the first psychological laboratory in the country. This laboratory was situated in his own house, and the most important subject was his wife, Anthonia, who participated in perceptual and response time experiments. On the one hand, Heymans did empirical research; on the other hand, he was engaged in systematic philosophical work, which resulted in three main books about epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics. This makes clear that psychological issues were studied within the discipline of philosophy in that period, which continued to be the case until World War II.