Netherlands, Psychology in
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
van DER Molen, H. T. 2010. Netherlands, Psychology in. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
The year 1892 is considered as the starting date of the discipline of psychology in The Netherlands. In that year, Gerard Heymans (1857–1930), professor at the University of Groningen, set up the first psychological laboratory in the country. This laboratory was situated in his own house, and the most important subject was his wife, Anthonia, who participated in perceptual and response time experiments. On the one hand, Heymans did empirical research; on the other hand, he was engaged in systematic philosophical work, which resulted in three main books about epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics. This makes clear that psychological issues were studied within the discipline of philosophy in that period, which continued to be the case until World War II.