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  1. B. Michael Thorne

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0601

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Thorne, B. M. 2010. Neurotransmitters. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Mississippi State University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


A neurotransmitter is a chemical substance that carries a “message” from the terminal bouton (button) of one nerve cell or neuron across a tiny gap (synapse) to receptor sites on another neuron. Neurotransmitters are, in general, synthesized in the neuron's cell body and stored in tiny sacs called synaptic vesicles.


  • enzymatic degradation;
  • amino acids;
  • monoamines;
  • oxytocin;
  • gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA);
  • glutamate;
  • catecholamines;
  • dopamine;
  • norepinephrine;
  • serotonin;
  • melatonin