Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Barry, T. D. and Lochman, J. E. 2010. Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a recurrent pattern of negativistic, disobedient, and hostile behavior by young people toward authority figures. A diagnosis of ODD requires that four or more of the following eight symptoms have been present over the course of at least 6 months: (1) losing one's temper, (2) arguing with adults, (3) actively defying adults' requests or rules, (4) deliberately annoying others, (5) blaming others for mistakes, (6) being easily annoyed, (7) being angry and resentful, and (8) being spiteful or vindictive (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Those receiving a diagnosis of ODD exhibit such behaviors at a frequency above what is considered to be developmentally appropriate, and such behaviors lead to significant impairment in social or academic functioning. These symptoms need only be present in one setting to warrant a diagnosis, and children sometimes exhibit symptoms in the home setting without concurrent problems at school or in the community. Likewise, teachers may identify ODD symptoms among students who do not show the same severity of problems in nonacademic settings (Drabick, Gadow, & Loney, 2007).
- oppositional defiant disorder;