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Panic Disorder

  1. William C. Sanderson,
  2. Randi A. Dublin

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0633

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Sanderson, W. C. and Dublin, R. A. 2010. Panic Disorder. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. Hofstra University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Panic disorder (PD) (with and without agoraphobia) is a debilitating condition with a lifetime prevalence of approximately 1.5% (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Studies have demonstrated that this prevalence rate is relatively consistent throughout the world. Approximately twice as many women as men suffer from PD. Although PD typically first strikes between late adolescence and the mid-30s, it can also begin in childhood or in later life. Although data on the course of PD are lacking, it appears to be a chronic condition that waxes and wanes in severity. Consequences of PD include feelings of poor physical and emotional health, impaired social functioning, financial dependency, and increased use of health and hospital emergency services.

Keywords:

  • panic attacks;
  • anxiety disorders;
  • agoraphobia;
  • cognitive behavior therapy;
  • anxiolytic medications