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Parental Alienation Syndrome

  1. Beth A. Venzke

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0640

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Venzke, B. A. 2010. Parental Alienation Syndrome. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Concordia University-Chicago

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Richard Gardner (1985) first defined parental alienation syndrome (PAS) as a conscious effort on the part of one parent to purposely disrupt and destroy his or her child's relationship with the other biological parent. This process is related to divorce, and Gardner suggested that it was an effort on the part of one parent (according to Gardner, the biological mother in the vast majority of cases) to denigrate the other parent in a way that the child would no longer wish to maintain a relationship with the denigrated parent.


  • alienation;
  • child custody;
  • parent-child relationships;
  • parental behavior