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Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder

  1. Adam Zagelbaum1,
  2. Jon Carlson2

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0644

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Zagelbaum, A. and Carlson, J. 2010. Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Sonoma State University

  2. 2

    Governors State University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


The concept of Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder (PAPD) is less controversial than its validity. The disorder used to be known as Negativistic Personality Disorder (NEGPD) and has undergone several changes in terms of its classification, criteria, and appearance within empirical studies. Its original appearance in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders was in 1952 (DSM-I; American Psychiatric Association [APA]). Criteria for this disorder centered on dispositional qualities of individuals who would passively resist demands related to everyday routines (Rotenstein et al., 2007). Subsequent versions of the DSM would lead to revised criteria by which PAPD was identified within clinical fields. Clinicians responsible for these revisions often related their rationale for doing so because of clients' tendencies to show pervasive oppositional thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that also manifested themselves within interpersonal relationships (Ritzler & Gerevitz-Stern, 2007).


  • passive-aggressive;
  • treatment;
  • diagnosis