Personality and Illness
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Matheny, K. B. and Kern, R. M. 2010. Personality and Illness. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
The belief that some personalities may predispose persons to illness has had a long history. Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, wrote around 400 b.c., “There is no illness apart from the mind.” Perhaps with a bit of exaggeration, the ancient English physician, Parry of Bath, wrote: “It is more important to know what sort of person has a disease than what sort of disease a person has.” In 1917, Alfred Adler, a contemporary of Sigmund Freud, maintained that one's lifestyle—that is, an organized set of beliefs about oneself and the world—determines both the onset and severity of certain physical illnesses or disabilities.
- personality types;
- and injury