Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Thorne, B. M. 2010. Pituitary Gland. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
The small gland beneath the brain's hypothalamus received the name pituitary in the early seventeenth century because of the mistaken notion that the structure made phlegm. Pituitary comes from the Latin pituita, which means “phlegm.” The pituitary gland is also called the hypophysis, which is Greek for “undergrowth.”
- adenohypophysis or anterior lobe;
- neurohypophysis or posterior lobe;
- somatotropin (STH);
- thyrotropin (TSH);
- adrenocorticotropin (ACTH);
- lactogenic hormone (LTH, prolactin);
- vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH);
- diabetes insipidus;