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Pituitary Gland

  1. B. Michael Thorne

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0686

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Thorne, B. M. 2010. Pituitary Gland. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Mississippi State University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


The small gland beneath the brain's hypothalamus received the name pituitary in the early seventeenth century because of the mistaken notion that the structure made phlegm. Pituitary comes from the Latin pituita, which means “phlegm.” The pituitary gland is also called the hypophysis, which is Greek for “undergrowth.”


  • adenohypophysis or anterior lobe;
  • neurohypophysis or posterior lobe;
  • somatotropin (STH);
  • thyrotropin (TSH);
  • adrenocorticotropin (ACTH);
  • lactogenic hormone (LTH, prolactin);
  • gonadotropins;
  • vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH);
  • diabetes insipidus;
  • oxytocin