Portugal, Psychology in
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Nobre, P. J. 2010. Portugal, Psychology in. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
The roots of psychology in Portugal may be found within the work of some nineteenth-century professionals, primarily those in the medical sciences (psychiatry, neuropsychiatry) and philosophy. Some of the most prominent pioneers include Miguel Bombarda (1851–1910), Magalhaes de Lemos (1855–1931), Julio de Matos (1856–1922), Elysio de Moura (1877–1910), and Egaz Moniz (1874–1955). Silvio Lima (1904–1993) was the first author to write about the history of psychology in Portugal (Lima, 1950, as cited in Abreu, 2005). Lima, also a historical figure in the field, divided the history of psychology through 1950 into three different periods: the mid-nineteenth century to 1914, a period characterized by positivism; 1914 to 1941, a period marked by experimental methods; and 1941 to 1950, a period characterized by hermeneutic and humanistic approaches.
- Bologna declaration;