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Posttraumatic Growth

  1. Lawrence G. Calhoun,
  2. Richard G. Tedeschi

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0698

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Calhoun, L. G. and Tedeschi, R. G. 2010. Posttraumatic Growth. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. University of North Carolina Charlotte

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


The view that the struggle with major challenges can lead to significant positive changes is present in ancient myths, is a theme in literature, and is reflected in some of the major world religions. Heroes encounter severe hardships and emerge transformed and better persons, and believers who suffer greatly are sanctified through their martyrdom. This theme is captured in the well-known Latin phrase, attributed to Seneca, the Younger, per aspera ad astra—by the harsh road to the stars. Although the idea is ancient, the systematic study of this phenomenon by social and behavioral scientists is recent.


  • trauma;
  • posttraumatic;
  • crisis;
  • stressors