Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Stubbs, M. L. 2010. Premenstrual Syndrome. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is commonly understood to refer to a cluster of unpleasant physical and psychological symptoms that may be experienced prior to menstruation. Identified symptoms include bloating, breast tenderness, backache, muscle or joint pain, trouble with sleeping, acne, food cravings, irritability, mood swings, anxiety, and depression. The onset of menstruation is said to diminish symptom experience, and the cause of PMS is often described as related to the changing hormone levels of the menstrual cycle. The American Psychiatric Association (2000) includes premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) as a diagnostic category in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) to refer to an extreme form of PMS, which is asserted to affect 3–8% of women.
- premenstrual syndrome;
- reproductive cycle