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  1. Jessica L. Tracy

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0705

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Tracy, J. L. 2010. Pride. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. University of British Columbia, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Pride is a self-conscious emotion that fuels many of our most meaningful achievements, both everyday and life-changing. Like all self-conscious emotions, pride is experienced when individuals direct their attention inward and make a self-evaluation. As a positive emotion, pride occurs when these self-evaluations result in positive views of the self, that is, when individuals realize that their current self-representations fit with their goals for their identity—the kind of person they want to be. Thus, students experience pride after receiving a good grade, children after succeeding at a new task, and adults after finding a mate. Adults feel pride in response to a promotion at work, their child's first steps, or their partner's love. Indeed, pride seems to fuel several fundamental human pursuits: the desire to achieve, to attain power and status, to meet an attractive and intelligent romantic partner, to feel good about one's self and one's social group, and to raise successful and well-behaved children.


  • pride;
  • self-conscious emotion;
  • nonverbal expression;
  • adaptation;
  • social-status