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Psychoanalysis

  1. Leo Rangell

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0719

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Rangell, L. 2010. Psychoanalysis. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. University of California, Los Angeles

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Psychoanalysis is a theory of the mind and a method derived from that theory to treat mental disturbances. It had its origins in the discoveries and formulations developed over some 50 years by its creator, Sigmund Freud, a neurologist, neuroanatomist, and neuropathologist living in Vienna, who had an inquiring mind about the nature of mental processes. Freud was born in 1856. During a travel grant at the famous Salpetriere Clinic in Paris for 4 months in 1885–1886, under the noted French neurologist Charcot, the young physician came to learn from his mentor, via now-classic experiments in hypnosis, that ideas can instill and then remove and abolish the central features of hysteria.

Keywords:

  • Freud;
  • psychoanalysis;
  • transference;
  • treatment methods;
  • unconscious