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Psychooncology

  1. Arthur M. Nezu,
  2. Lauren M. Greenberg,
  3. Christine Maguth Nezu

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0741

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Nezu, A. M., Greenberg, L. M. and Nezu, C. M. 2010. Psychooncology. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Drexel University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

The set of diseases known collectively as cancer represents the second most common cause of death in the United States. About 565,650 Americans were expected to die from cancer in 2008, accounting for 25% of deaths. An estimated 1.4 million new cases were diagnosed in 2008, with prostate and breast cancers being most frequent in men and women, respectively, followed by lung cancer, which is the most lethal, then colorectal cancers (American Cancer Society, 2008). The lifetime risk for cancer in men is 1 in 2, and in women, 1 in 3. Because of improvements in prevention and medical care, the 5-year relative survival rate for all cancers diagnosed from 1996 to 2003 has increased to 66%; in children, it has increased to 80%. Although death rates from cancer are declining, incidence rates of many cancers continue to rise. African Americans and people of low socioeconomic status have the highest rates of new cancers and cancer deaths.

Keywords:

  • psychosocial oncology;
  • cancer;
  • cognitive behavior therapy;
  • problem-solving therapy;
  • psychological distress