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Psychostimulant Treatment for Children

  1. Mark D. Rapport,
  2. Joseph S. Raiker

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0750

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Rapport, M. D. and Raiker, J. S. 2010. Psychostimulant Treatment for Children. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. University of Central Florida

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Psychostimulants are the most widely used and efficacious treatments currently available for children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Recent estimates by the Center for Disease Control indicate that 2.5 of the 4.4 million children with ADHD residing in the United States between 4 and 17 years old are prescribed medication, and in most cases, are given one of the available psychostimulants. Table 1 lists available psychostimulant formulae according to their release format (extended, intermediate, immediate), and the typical dosing schedule, onset of effect, and peak/duration of behavioral effects for each formula.


  • psychostimulants;
  • attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder;
  • ADHD treatment;
  • drug therapy