Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Oscar-Berman, M. and Valmas, M. M. 2010. Psychosurgery. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Psychosurgery is the surgical removal or destruction of healthy brain tissue for relief of severe, persistent, and debilitating psychiatric symptomatology. Cranial surgery can be traced back, with early archaeological evidence of trepanation, to around 7300–6220 b.c. (Lillie, 1998). However, the first widespread application of psychosurgery procedures to psychiatric patients began in the late 1930s, reached its peak in the 1960s, and began to decline in the 1970s (Weingarten & Cummings, 2001).
- frontal lobotomy;