Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Hess, A. K. 2010. Psychotherapy Training. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
The story of psychotherapy training reaches back to antiquity. Perhaps a devoted student accompanied the medicine man, shaman, or priest and helped alleviate mental anguish. This student apprenticed or modeled the rituals, prescriptions, and incantations while providing sympathetic care to the afflicted. In more contemporary times, the art and science of psychotherapy and its training or supervision dates back to the late nineteenth century. Bernheim, Charcot, and Janet demonstrated hysteria and hypnotic phenomena to their eager students, one of whom was Freud. Freud formally systematized many of the ideas of the time into a unified theory including developmental states, unconscious phenomena, the continuity of abnormal and normal people, and the combination of scientific and humane treatment for the mental disorders. He conferred with his senior colleague, Breuer, and eventually formed his Wednesday evening groups whereby psychoanalytic theory, clinical cases, and the scientific methodology of psychoanalysis were reviewed, debated, and revised.