Quality of Life
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Evans, D. R. 2010. Quality of Life. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Quality of life has become a popular concept that is used by politicians, marketing executives, media and sports personalities, and members of the public. There is an extensive scientific literature of books, theoretical articles, and empirical studies on the subject by health practitioners, psychologists, sociologists, economists, geographers, social historians, and philosophers. Scholars in ancient China and Greece were interested in quality of life several millennia ago, and renewed interest occurred in times of enlightenment in the centuries that followed. In more recent history, quality of life emerged as a political entity in the United States in the mid-1950s and in Europe in the 1960s. In presidential commissions and in their speeches, U.S. presidents such as Eisenhower, Johnson, and Nixon popularized the term. The focus on quality of life in the last half century has increased, as there has been a general recognition that the health of countries must be judged by something more than gross economic factors and that the health of individuals is something beyond the absence of illness.
- health promotion;
- life satisfaction;
- positive psychology;