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  1. Kurt F. Geisinger

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0766

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Geisinger, K. F. 2010. Questionnaires. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Questionnaires are inventories used by researchers to gather various kinds of information from responding individuals. Questionnaires are typically self-administered, so-called self-report devices. As such, they are similar to interviews conducted face-to-face or over the telephone. In fact, some or all of the individuals who do not choose to complete a survey are often contacted and interviewed by a researcher so that their opinions and information may be included in the study data. Among the advantages of questionnaires are their relatively low cost as a means of gathering data, a general freedom from bias on the part of an interviewer, the large number of individuals who can be asked to respond, the sense of anonymity that respondents may feel, the temporal flexibility afforded the respondent, the possibility of directly linking research questions and survey results, and the ease of data coding and analysis for interpretation of the results (Judd, Smith, & Kidder, 1991).


  • interview;
  • non-experimental research;
  • response rates;
  • surveys