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Residential Treatment

  1. Martin Leichtman

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0792

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Leichtman, M. 2010. Residential Treatment. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. Leawood, Kansas

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Residential treatment is a class of inpatient therapeutic program that is based on the assumption that the milieu of the institution and the conduct of daily life within it are the critical components of treatment. When used in a narrow sense, the term typically designates programs for children and adolescents who exhibit severe psychiatric problems and whose families cannot manage them in the community. When used broadly, it has also been applied to group homes and other out-of-home placements for a wider clientele, including delinquent, dependent, and neglected children. Although associated chiefly with programs for children, the concept of residential treatment is similar to that of the therapeutic community and other forms of milieu therapy for adults (Almond, 1974). Moreover, as financial support for intermediate- and long-term hospitalization has evaporated in the past two decades, the term has been used increasingly to designate less intensive 24-hour care programs for adults.


  • child treatment;
  • mental hospitals;
  • nursing homes;
  • residential treatment