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Scapegoating

  1. Peter Glick

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0817

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Glick, P. 2010. Scapegoating. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Lawrence University, Appleton, WI

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Scapegoating is unfairly blaming a group for causing societal misfortunes (e.g., the Nazis blaming the Jews for Germany's loss of World War I). Mass frustrations, such as economic, political, and social crises, can lead to severe attacks against scapegoated groups, including ethnic cleansing and genocide. Early scapegoating theories invoked Freudian psychodynamics and, later, the frustration–aggression hypothesis. Both view scapegoating as displaced aggression, in which people vent frustrations on an innocent and usually weak and vulnerable victim. A recent approach, however, views scapegoating as rooted in stereotypes that exaggerate the power of successful minority groups.

Keywords:

  • aggression;
  • displacement;
  • frustration-aggression;
  • scapegoating;
  • stereotypes