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Schizophrenia, Childhood and Adolescent

  1. Molly Larsen,
  2. Elaine Walker

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0821

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Larsen, M. and Walker, E. 2010. Schizophrenia, Childhood and Adolescent. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. Emory University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that usually has its onset in early adulthood, with a typical age at onset between ages 20 and 25 (Goldner, Hsu, Waraich, & Somers, 2002). Although much less common, the illness can also occur in children and adolescents. These early-onset cases are often characterized by more severe symptoms with a worse prognosis, and the patients are more likely to be male (Rapoport & Inoff-Germain, 2000). However, the results of genetic and neurobiological studies generally suggest that childhood-onset schizophrenia and adult-onset schizophrenia are the same disorder and have common etiologic factors. Thus, the same diagnostic criteria are used to diagnose children and adults (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000).

Keywords:

  • schizophrenia;
  • childhood-onset;
  • symptoms