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Sherif, Muzafer (1906–1988)

  1. R.W. Lundin

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0868

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Lundin, R. 2010. Sherif, Muzafer (1906–1988). Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1.

Author Information

  1. Wheaton, Illinois

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Muzafer Sherif received his BA from Izmir International College and his MA from Istanbul University. He came to the United States in 1929, where he entered Harvard University and earned a second MA in 1932. He returned to Turkey where he began work on norm formulation that eventually resulted in his doctoral dissertation. In 1935 he received his PhD from Columbia University. He returned to Turkey for a second time but found himself in conflict with the Turkish government and some officials at Ankara University over their pro-Nazi attitudes. He was imprisoned and put in solitary confinement, but he was eventually released through the efforts of the U.S. State Department and a number of influential American psychologists with whom he had been associated at Columbia. He spent the next two years at Princeton University, where he collaborated with Hadly Cantril on The Psychology of Ego-Involvement.


  • cooperation;
  • intergroup conflict;
  • judgment;
  • social psychology