Sherif, Muzafer (1906–1988)
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Lundin, R. 2010. Sherif, Muzafer (1906–1988). Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Muzafer Sherif received his BA from Izmir International College and his MA from Istanbul University. He came to the United States in 1929, where he entered Harvard University and earned a second MA in 1932. He returned to Turkey where he began work on norm formulation that eventually resulted in his doctoral dissertation. In 1935 he received his PhD from Columbia University. He returned to Turkey for a second time but found himself in conflict with the Turkish government and some officials at Ankara University over their pro-Nazi attitudes. He was imprisoned and put in solitary confinement, but he was eventually released through the efforts of the U.S. State Department and a number of influential American psychologists with whom he had been associated at Columbia. He spent the next two years at Princeton University, where he collaborated with Hadly Cantril on The Psychology of Ego-Involvement.
- intergroup conflict;
- social psychology