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Smoking Behavior

  1. Sara W. Feldstein Ewing,
  2. Kent Hutchison

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0884

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Feldstein Ewing, S. W. and Hutchison, K. 2010. Smoking Behavior. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. University of New Mexico

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the world, responsible for at least 5.4 million deaths in 2005. Across the globe, 35% of men and 22% of women smoke daily. Nicotine dependence is the most common form of substance dependence in the United States, with 20–29% of Americans smoking. In the United States, 70% of adult smokers want to quit; last year, 44.2% stopped smoking for at least 1 day. Rates of adult smoking influence not only themselves but also the health and development of young children. Approximately 60% of U.S. children age 3–11 are routinely exposed to secondhand smoke. Secondhand smoke is linked to 300,000 cases of bronchitis and pneumonia among children less than 18 months old, resulting in 7,500–15,000 annual hospitalizations.

Keywords:

  • smoking;
  • tobacco;
  • nicotine;
  • health risk;
  • prevention