Standard Article

Society of Consulting Psychology

  1. Stewart Cooper

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0923

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Cooper, S. 2010. Society of Consulting Psychology. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1.

Author Information

  1. Valparaiso University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


The history of Division 13 of the American Psychological Association (APA) and how it became the Society of Consulting Psychology (SCP) are articulated in a 1999 Consulting Psychology article by Ann O'Roark, the SCP President at that time (O'Roark, 1999). Division 13 began with a charge from the APA governance in 1920 to identify the competencies of consulting psychologists. Preexisting roots were the 1915 Whipple Resolution, which created the need to determine essential qualifications for psychological examiners, especially in the areas of assessment of intelligence and special abilities. In 1924, the APA-charged group adopted its first bylaws and became the Division of Consulting Psychology. The history reveals extended discussions over many years of who was eligible to be a member of this division. In fact, up until 1963, eligibility required being a fellow of some other APA division. Work in mental health and organizational consulting has been a focus of the division from that time to the present. The current SCP owes its foundation to organizational work beginning in 1999 that included a series of strategic planning meetings, followed by changes in the organization's structure and processes, as well as programs and services. Part of these efforts led to the development and APA endorsement in 2007 of the Guidelines for Education and Training at the Doctoral and Postdoctoral Levels in Consulting Psychology/Organizational Consulting Psychology (APA, 2007). The current organization and its programs, services, and governance structure are markedly different from those of the past.


  • consulting psychology;
  • history of consulting psychology;
  • organizational consulting psychology guidelines