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Stroop Color-Word Test

  1. Dawn M. Schiehser,
  2. Mark W. Bondi

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0951

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Schiehser, D. M. and Bondi, M. W. 2010. Stroop Color-Word Test. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1.

Author Information

  1. Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System and University of California, San Diego

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

The Stroop Color-Word Test (SCWT; Stroop, 1935) is one of the oldest and most commonly used tests in psychology for examining executive functions and response inhibition. There are a number of versions of the task, several of which have been translated into different languages and modified for use with diverse populations, including children, adults, and clinical patients. In the standard form of the task, a participant is asked to (1) read words that are the names of colors (i.e., word reading), (2) name the color of ink patches (i.e., color naming), and (3) name the color of the ink in which incongruent color words are printed (e.g., say “red” when the word green is printed in red ink). This latter condition is thought to require response inhibition, as one must inhibit the easier and more automatic word reading in order to name the color of the ink (see MacLeod & MacDonald, 2000).

Keywords:

  • stroop effect;
  • stroop interference;
  • executive function;
  • response inhibition