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  1. Anton H. Hart

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0965

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Hart, A. H. 2010. Superego. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1.

Author Information

  1. William Alanson White Institute

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Freud's term Superego (1923) is best articulated in plain English as the “Above-I.” It comprises the aspect of the mind that is the judge, censor, or conscience. Freud described the agencies of the conscious and unconscious mind as consisting of three: the Id or “the it,” the Ego or “the I,” and the Superego or Above-I. This use of the Latin for new terms was not original, but rather was introduced by Freud's English translator, James Strachey. Freud's original German choices of das Es, das Ich, and das Uber-ich were intended to be experientially accessible (Bettelheim, 1983), even as Freud sought to delve beneath the surface of conscious experience.


  • ego;
  • id;
  • guilt;
  • Oedipus complex