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Thailand, Psychology in

  1. Sombat Tapanya

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0989

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Tapanya, S. 2010. Thailand, Psychology in. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Chiang Mai University, Thailand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

The study of the mind in Thailand may be assumed to have begun with the arrival of Buddhism around the time of the establishment of Siam (former name of Thailand) as a country more than 700 years ago. Any Buddhist with reasonable knowledge would be eager to attest that a large part of the Buddha's teachings deal with the nature and function of the mind. Not until the latter part of the last century did modern psychology begin to establish its presence among Thai scholars, mainly through a Western education system that was adopted to replace the traditional apprentice mode of education in monasteries and households of masters of different art forms. Teachers colleges were established in various major provinces to produce teachers, and schools with regular classrooms were set up throughout the country. At the beginning, it was deemed imperative for teachers to learn the basics of psychology, especially developmental psychology. Senior scholars from teachers colleges, especially in Bangkok, began to produce psychology texts in the context of education. Almost all psychology texts to date, however, are compilations from translated texts, mainly from the United States and to a lesser degree from other Western countries. This may have been the result of the lack of basic research in psychology in Thailand.

Keywords:

  • cross-cultural psychology;
  • International psychology;
  • psychology abroad;
  • Thailand