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Transcendental Meditation

  1. Michael S. Nystul

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy1005

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Nystul, M. S. 2010. Transcendental Meditation. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. New Mexico State University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Various types of meditation have been practiced for over 2,500 years. Many Eastern cultures have included forms of meditation as an important part of their religious and spiritual enrichment (e.g., Zen Yoga). More recently, the West has taken an interest in the practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM) as taught by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. According to Chandler, Alexander, and Heaton (2005), TM results in a unique state of consciousness referred to as Transcendental Consciousness (consciousness not associated with thoughts or perceptions; a state of wakefulness; pure consciousness; aware of its unbounded potential). During meditation, the mind transcends the subtlest thoughts resulting in deep physiological rest.


  • transcendental meditation;
  • TM;
  • meditation