Standard Article

Transpersonal Psychology

  1. Glenn Hartelius1,
  2. Harris Friedman2

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy1007

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Hartelius, G. and Friedman, H. 2010. Transpersonal Psychology. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    California Institute of Integral Studies

  2. 2

    University of Florida

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Transpersonal psychology (TP) emerged in the United States during the 1960s, a turbulent time when psychedelic experimentation and the rediscovery of mysticism, primarily from Eastern and indigenous traditions, caused much deep reflection. It grew from the growing discontent by some humanistic psychologists who questioned the limitations of a solely human-based psychology that paid scant attention to consciousness and spirituality. Although TP had many earlier roots, its formal birth is generally linked to the debut of the Journal of Transpersonal Psychology. The lead article in this journal's first issue was written by one of TP's founders, Abraham Maslow (1969), who had played a key role in developing humanistic psychology and then refocused his attention on developing a psychology centered on human connections to the cosmos. Among other notable TP founding figures are Stanislav Grof (1985) and Charles Tart (1975).


  • consciousness;
  • meditation;
  • mysticism;
  • spirituality;
  • transpersonal