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Turkey, Psychology in

  1. Hale Bolak Boratav

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy1014

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Boratav, H. B. 2010. Turkey, Psychology in. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Turkey is often seen as a cultural as well as a geographical bridge between the East and the West. Bearing the legacies of great civilizations in Anatolia, the country has a rich cultural heritage. Previously, issues of psychological relevance were largely relegated to the mystic and religious realms. The fall of the Ottoman Empire after World War I and the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923, accompanied by the introduction of secular reforms, provided a context within which Western scientific ideas emerged as an alternative to and challenged traditional systems of knowledge and belief (Bolak-Boratav, 2004).